Additives

Provides zooplankton and fully-digestible, unhatched eggs ranging in size from 50 - 300µm.
Ideally-sized for many stony corals, clams, sponges, tunicates, tube worms, larval crustaceans, juvenile fishes, and adult planktivorous and microinvertebrate-predatory fishes.
Formulated to provide over four-thousand prey per ml.
Does not require refrigeration.
Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid incoloration of invertebrates and fishes.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Provides zooplankton ranging in size from 500 - 1,000µm (1mm).
Ideally-sized for many stony corals, clams, tube worms, larval crustaceans, juvenile fishes, and adult planktivorous and microinvertebrate-predatory fishes.
Does not require refrigeration.
Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid incoloration of invertebrates and fishes.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Full-spectrum vitamin supplement formulated to benefit marine fishes, corals and other invertebrates, and other marine aquarium inhabitants.
Provides a full-complement of vitamins in the same ratios found in the tissues of filter-feeding marine invertebrates, organisms that extract plankton from the surrounding water and gain their nutritional benefit, and which are in turn consumed by many reef inhabitants.
Requires no refrigeration.
Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity materials.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Full-spectrum vitamin supplement formulated to benefit freshwater fishes and motile invertebrates.
Provides a full-complement of water- and fat-soluble vitamins in ratios found to improve overall health and coloration.
Useful when preparing fishes for spawning; also benefits parents caring for their brood.
Requires no refrigeration.
Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity materials.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Highly-concentrated vitamin-C solution.
Buffered; will not impact pH when used as directed.
Stronger than competing products.
Vitamin-C is associated with improved tissue growth and with aiding the immune system.
Intended to provide benefits to all aquarium inhabitants.
Well-suited to use in coral propagation.
Requires no refrigeration.
Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity ingredients.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Highly-concentrated ionic strontium solution.
Incorporated by corals, clams, and other reef-building invertebrates into aragonite, the mineral that is secreted as skeletal material.
Stronger than most competing strontium solutions.
Contains no unwanted organic material such as EDTA, gluconate, or polygluconate.
Over 50% stronger than most competing products.
Free of phosphate, silicate, and organic material.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Complex of carbonate-bound, non-conservative major, minor, and trace elements in aragonite ratios, as well as marine-derived proteins and lipids in coral tissue ratios.
Simultaneously delivers appropriate inorganic and organic nutrients required by stony corals, both zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate soft corals, gorgonians, clams, tube worms, sponges, tunicates, and other suspension-feeding invertebrates for growth of both soft tissue and skeletal material.
Ideally fed at night when most corals extend their tentacles forprey-capture.
Does not require refrigeration.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Encourages health, growth, reproduction, and vibrant coloration.
Provides important nutrients to corals and their allies during periods of stress induced by changes in lighting and/or prolonged exposure to excessive water temperature (often resulting in "bleaching").
Aids in tissue repair after corals have undergone fragmenting and captive propagation.
Does not require refrigeration.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Alkalinity-increasing ("buffer") powdered blend formulated specifically for maintaining pH-stability in Rift Lake biotope aquaria and other systems housing fishes and plants endemic to environments with an alkaline pH.
Not a re-packaged marine aquarium buffer.
Helps increase pH stability in an aquarium by raising the alkalinity; continued addition raises pH to a range of 7.9 - 8.3.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Adjusts the chemistry of purified water to approximate that of Lake Malawi, which is able to accommodate cichlids hailing from all three of the East African Great Lakes (Malawi, Tanganyika, and Victoria). Does not increase alkalinity (carbonate hardness).
Provides the proper ratios of calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and sulfate, as dictated by limnological surveys of Lake Malawi.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Unique complex that replaces trace and minorelements used by fishes, corals, and other invertebrates, and which are lost through chemical filtration (protein skimming and use of filtration media such as resins and activated carbon).
Provides 29 minor and trace minerals, all present in natural seawater ratios.
Does not contain minor or trace elements not expressly known to be utilized by marine organisms or take place in chemical interactions.
Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity materials.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Immediately improves water quality in all manner of aquaria by enhancing the rate of particulate and dissolved organic material decomposition, enabling the constituents to be more effectively removed with protein skimming, activated carbon, and other means of biological and chemical filtration.
Safe for use with all fishes, invertebrates, and plants.
Particularly useful: in heavily-stocked, heavily-fed aquaria; during ""hiccups"" in water quality in which the elevated concentration of organic material in the aquarium would negatively impact the health of the inhabitants.
Reacts completely; leaves no residual.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

The carbonate-bearing component of a two-part method for dosing calcium and carbonates (the substances largely responsible for increasing alkalinity ("buffering capacity")) in the same ratio as that found in natural seawater.
Ionically-balanced with respect to natural seawater concentrations of calcium and carbonates when used in equal amounts with Reef Cōde A.
Benefits reef-building organisms such as corals, clams, calcareous algae, etc.
Simplifies calcium and alkalinity maintenance.
Stronger than most competing products.
Contains no phosphate, silicate, or organic material.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

The alkalinity-bearing component of a two-part method for dosing calcium and carbonates (the substances largely responsible for increasing alkalinity ("buffering capacity")) in the same ratio as that found in natural seawater.
Benefits reef-building organisms such as corals, clams, calcareous algae, etc.
Simplifies calcium and alkalinity maintenance; economical for particularly large systems.
Contains no phosphate, silicate, or organic material.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

The calcium-bearing component of a two-part method for dosing calcium and carbonates (the substances largely responsible for increasing alkalinity ("buffering capacity")) in the same ratio as that found in natural seawater.
Benefits reef-building organisms such as corals, clams, calcareous algae, etc.
Simplifies calcium and alkalinity maintenance; economical for particularly large systems.
Contains no phosphate, silicate, or organic material.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

The calcium-bearing component of a two-part method for dosing calcium and carbonates (the substances largely responsible for increasing alkalinity ("buffering capacity")) in the same ratio as that found in natural seawater.
Ionically-balanced with respect to natural seawater concentrations of calcium and carbonates when used in equal amounts with Reef Cōde B.
Benefits reef-building organisms such as corals, clams, calcareous algae, etc.
Simplifies calcium and alkalinity maintenance.
Stronger than most competing products.
Contains no phosphate, silicate, or organic material.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Blend of high-purity powdered potassium, an important component of aragonite (the mineral secreted as skeletal material by corals and other reef-building marine organisms), complexed into pigments that enhance blue coloration of some small-polyp stony corals, important to proper neurological function, and depleted in marine aquaria by livestock.
May be used to combat potassium depletion that often accompanies the use of zeolite-based filtration methods employed to maintain ultra-low-nutrient aquaria.
Considerably stronger and more economical than liquid potassium solutions; created for hobbyists maintaining multiple reef aquaria.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Begins to eliminate reactive phosphate immediately upon addition to aquarium.
Safe for all inhabitants of reef and marine fish-only aquaria.
Each ml eliminates 1 ppm phosphate in 4 US-gallons of water (250 ml treats 1,000 US-gal).
Helps facilitate the removal of phosphate from aquaria during periods when dissolved organic material is abundant.
May be used on an ongoing basis to help control phosphate in heavily-stocked aquaria.
Over 50% stronger than most competing products.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Provides phytoplankton ranging in size from 1 - 2µm.
Ideally-sized for many soft corals, clams, sponges, tunicates, tube worms, and larval invertebrates.
Formulated to provide over 1-billion phytoplankton cells per ml.
Does not require refrigeration.
Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid in coloration of invertebrates.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Provides phytoplankton ranging in size from 10 - 15µm.
Ideally-sized for many soft corals, clams, sponges, tunicates, tube worms, and larval invertebrates.
Formulated to provide over 650-million phytoplankton cells per ml.
Does not require refrigeration.
Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid in coloration of invertebrates.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Increases pH in marine and reef aquaria.
May be used to help increase pH in aquaria that have adequate alkalinity yet have chronically-depressed pH levels; while not intended to act as a permanent solution to such issues, pH+ may be used as neededuntil the cause of depressed pH is discovered and remedied.
Stronger than most competing products.
Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity materials.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Provides phytoplankton ranging in size from 8 - 20µm.
Ideally-sized for many soft corals, clams, sponges, tunicates, tube worms, and larval invertebrates.
Formulated to provide over 50-million phytoplankton cells per ml.
Does not require refrigeration.
Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid in coloration of invertebrates.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Provides 6 types of phytoplankton ranging in size from1 - 30µm.
Ideally-sized for many soft corals, clams, sponges, tunicates, tube worms, bryozoans, larval crustaceans, and juvenile fishes.
Formulated to provide over 200-million phytoplankton cells per ml.
Does not require refrigeration.
Supplemented with a proprietary amino acid to aid in coloration of invertebrates.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Used in conjunction with MICROBACTER7 and REEF BIOFUEL or KATALYST, enables natural nitrogen uptake to take place in systems with inadequate phosphorus content, lowering ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate concentrations without the use of chemical filtration media and without resorting to polluting the system with organic material to raise the
phosphorus content.
Recommended for use by advanced reef aquarists maintaining ultra-low nutrient content systems, only.
May be used with MICROBACTER7, REEF BIOFUEL and/or KATALYST, and NEONITRO to achieve desired nutrient content in reef aquaria for improved health and coloration of inhabitants.

Used in conjunction with MICROBACTER7 and REEF BIOFUEL or KATALYST, enables natural phosphorus uptake to take place in systems with inadequate nitrogen content, lowering phosphate concentration without the use of chemical filtration media and without resorting to polluting the system with organic material to raise the nitrogen content.
Recommended for use by advanced reef aquarists maintaining ultra-low nutrient content systems, only.
May be used with MICROBACTER7 (selected microbes and enzymes), REEF BIOFUEL and/or KATALYST (organic carbon source), and NEOPHOS (phosphorus source) to achieve desired nutrient content in reef aquaria for improved health and coloration of
inhabitants.

Suspension of particulate, microencapsulated marine proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates fortified with complex and free-form amino and fatty acids, and vitamins important to immune system function.
Appropriate for feeding many LPS, zooxanthellate, and azooxanthellate soft corals, as well as gorgonians, anemones, and other solitary and colonial polyps, particularly at night when tentacles are extended to maximize chances of prey-capture.
Readily eaten by a multitude of reef-associated fishes known to feed on zooplankton and food particles drifting in the water column, including anemonefishes, basslets and pseudochromids, anthias, damselfishes and chromis, pygmy angelfishes, cardinalfishes, dartfishes, jawfishes, hawkfishes, wrasse, and many surgeonfishes.
Does not require refrigeration.

Safe for all varieties of corals and their allies, including colonial and solitary polyps.
Triple-acting formulation provides short- and long-term benefits to dipped corals.
Formulated to prepare corals for addition to a pre-existing aquarium, as well as to benefit corals showing signs of tissue damage or degradation.
Gently oxidizes areas of damaged coral tissue to help halt, or prevent onset of, tissue degradation.
Discourages pathogens from establishing themselves in areas of damaged tissue.
Not a medication; contains no antibiotics or heavy metals.
Over 50% stronger than competing products.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Unique complex of 20 free-form amino acids in the same ratios found within tissues of fishes.
Beneficial to all marine, brackish, and freshwater fish species.
Free-form amino acids:
1. Encourage vibrant coloration.
2. Provide the building blocks of protein in ideal ratios to encourage the formation of new tissue, speeding up growth rates.
3. Encourage new tissue growth to aid in recovery from wounds.
Increases the protein concentration of fish foods.
Acts as an attractant to encourage finicky fishes to begin eating new foods.
Formulated based on data compiled by ichthyologists on tissue research tissue of fishes.
Does not require refrigeration.

Suspension of North American marine crustacean roe with a size range of ~0.7 - 1.2 mm.
Fortified with free-form essential amino acids, vitamins important to immune system function, carotenoid-rich oils of marine origin (also rich in omega-3 HUFA), and natural feeding attractants to improve feeding responsiveness in fishes.
Rich in natural pigments that have been found to intensify overall coloration.
Appropriate for feeding anemones, LPS corals, gorgonians, and solitary and colonial polyps, particularly at night when tentacles are extended to maximize chances of prey-capture.
Readily consumed by planktivorous fishes.
Suitable for improving coloration of all freshwater species of fish, including Discus.

High-purity powdered magnesium blend.
Provides magnesium, which helps regulate the balance between calcium and carbonates in aquarium water, and is a component of aragonite, the mineral secreted by reef-building organisms to form skeletal material.
Stronger and more economical than liquid magnesium solutions; created for hobbyists maintaining multiple reef aquaria.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Highly-concentrated ionic magnesium solution.
Provides magnesium, which helps regulate the balance between calcium and carbonates in aquarium water, and is a component of aragonite, the mineral secreted by reef-building organisms such as corals, clams, and their allies to form skeletal material.
Stronger than most competing products.
Contains no unwanted organic material such as EDTA, gluconate, or polygluconate.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Lugol's Solution for Use by Advanced Reef Aquarium Hobbyists

Advanced Iodide Supllement for all Marine Fish & Reef Aquaria Regenerable Mixed Adsorbent Resin for all Freshwater, Marine and Reef Aquaria

Garlic Concentrate for all Marine Fish & Reef Aquaria

Safely decreases pH in freshwater community and planted aquaria. May also be used in marine aquaria.
Gradually decreases alkalinity ("carbonate hardness") of tap water and aquarium water.
Useful for decreasing pH of aquarium water when establishing acidic water conditions in biotope aquaria, simulating the onset of rainy seasons, or for encouraging spawning in fish species indigenous to low-pH environments.
Contains no phosphate-based buffers; will not contribute phosphate or nitrogen-based nutrients to aquarium water.

Concentrated source of inorganic phosphorus for use in planted aquaria.
Formulated utilizing extensive research on aquatic plant nutrient requirements.

Provides 14 elements critical to long-term health, growth, and coloration of aquatic plants.
Elemental ratio reflects current understanding of general requirements for unrestricted growth of tropical aquatic plants.
May be used to establish beneficial water parameters in new aquaria, to replenish depleted elemental concentrations in aquaria that rarely receive a water change, and to re-establish concentrations in aquaria following large water changes.
Well-suited to the planted aquarium hobbyist seeking one simple solution to use for the majority of plant husbandry requirements (e.g. aside from instances when specific water parameters require adjustment).
Also provides 0.001% iodine to enable crustaceans (such as shrimp) to molt and grow.
Formulated utilizing extensive research on aquatic plant nutrient requirements.

Concentrated source of high-purity potassium, required by plants for enzyme activation in a number of biochemical reactions.
Stronger than most competing products. Formulated utilizing extensive research on aquatic plant nutrient requirements.

Concentrated source of nitrogen, one of the most important plant nutrients, required for growth and long-term health, and utilized primarily in the production of nucleic acids and proteins, accounting for up to 2% of plant tissue dry weight.
Nitrogen is present as nitrate, a form appropriate for use in aquaria (ammonium can revert to toxic ammonia in aquaria with pH over 7.0; urea is a source of ammonia).
Contains Kelp extract, which provides natural phytohormones found to encourage growth and flowering.
Formulated utilizing extensive research on aquatic plant nutrient requirements.

Provides both ferrous (Fe2+) and ferric (Fe3+) iron sources to maximize benefit to planted aquaria.
Two-tiered approach to iron supplementation consists of one ingredient to deliver immediate iron and another ingredient that slowly releases iron during the light cycle, when the aquarium is illuminated.
Over 50% stronger than most competing products. Formulated utilizing extensive research on aquatic plant nutrient requirements.

A concentrated source of bioavailable carbon, Krebs cycle intermediates, humic & amino acids, and naturally-occurring phytohormones.
Primary or supplementary source of carbon (compatible with CO2 supplementation). Provides key components of the Krebs cycle, the series of biochemical reactions that are ultimately responsible for converting complex organic molecules into energy in all aerobic organisms; benefits are more efficient metabolism of foods and available nutrients for fishes and plants alike, as well as enhanced decomposition of latent organic material. Provides naturally-derived sources of humic substances, which aid plants in the uptake of important nutrients such as iron, calcium, magnesium, etc., and can even increase the availability of these substances in the aquarium environment.
Formulated utilizing research on aquatic plant nutrient requirements & Molecular Biology.

Increases alkalinity (a.k.a. carbonate hardness or buffering capacity) in freshwater aquaria with a target pH of 7.8 or less.
Improves stability of pH.
Safe for use in all freshwater community and planted aquaria. Composed of USP-grade ingredients. Contains no phosphate-based buffering agents.

Establishes an optimal mineral balance in water that has been purified or is exceedingly-soft for all freshwater planted aquaria, as well as for biotope aquaria housing fishes indigenous to forested and/or riverine habitats.
Supplies potassium, magnesium, and calcium, elements which are vital to the overall health of aquatic plants, in beneficial ratios. Has higher solubility than competing supplements.
May be used to establish beneficial water parameters in aquaria filled with purified water, to replenish depleted mineral concentrations in aquaria that rarely receive a water change, and to re-establish mineral concentrations following large water changes.
Provides trace chloride, a valuable plant nutrient, in a beneficial concentration.
Formulated utilizing extensive research on aquatic plant nutrient requirements.

Economical powdered form of Erāse-Cl, specifically made available for professional and recreational aquarists maintaining particularly large systems and/or servicing numerous accounts.
Neutralizes chloramines, chlorine, iodine, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate in tap and/or aquarium water.
Used as directed, safely prepares water for use in all marine and freshwater aquaria.

Removes chloramines, chlorine, ammonia, and nitrites present in tap water and/or aquarium water.
May be used to neutralize iodine in the event of an aquarium overdose.
Used as directed, is safe for use directly in all marine and freshwater aquaria.
Free of phosphate and silicate. Formulated by a marine scientist.

Unique complex that provides trace and minor elements in ratios found to be beneficial to discus and other fishes that share the same waters of origin.
Provides minor and trace elements utilized in important neurological and metabolic reactions, and which are incorporated into natural biopigments for coloration.
Replaces minor and trace elements used by aquarium inhabitants, and which are lost through chemical filtration (use of filtration media such as resins and activated carbon).
Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity materials.
Formulated utilizing extensive research on chemistry of the waters naturally-inhabited by discus, as well as discus trace and minor element requirements.

For use by experienced, qualified professional aquarists only. Ionic, non-chelated copper solution.
1 drop per gallon of water increases free copper concentration by ~0.20 ppm.
For use in fish-only aquaria. Not for use with scaleless fish. Not for use in aquaria housing live plants or invertebrates.
Consult an appropriate reference source for the use of ionic copper solutions in aquaria before use.

Flocculant for improving water clarity in marine aquaria; helps eliminate cloudy water.
Binds particulate material suspended in aquarium water, enabling removal from the system by means of mechanical filtration and protein skimming.
Specifically formulated for use in marine aquaria; not to be used in freshwater aquaria.
Safe for use with all manner of marine invertebrates, fishes, and macroalgae.

Premium quality activated carbon, offering desirable physical and chemical characteristics for application in all marine and freshwater aquaria, featuring high capacity for the removal of latent organic material from water and minimal impact on pH.
Promotes water quality by removing dissolved organic material, hence encouraging higher oxidation-reduction potential (ORP).
Features high capacity for organic removal (high Molasses number), high Iodine number, low ash content, minimal dust, and immeasurable phosphate (verified with lab-grade water analysis equipment).
Average particle size encourages optimal flow and effectiveness; may be employed in canister or passive filtration.

Provides numerous elements important to the formation of various biochromes (biological pigments), complex molecules that give coloration to plant and animal cells through their selective color-absorption and -reflection characteristics.
Formulated specifically to provide trace quantities of elements for gradual incorporation into, and formation of, biochromes known to occur within zooxanthellae, such as chlorophylls a and c, beta carotene, and xanthophylls.
Does not influence population density of zooxanthellae, which would put the overall health and survival of the host organism in a precarious situation.
Formulated by a marine scientist.

Complex of free-form amino acids in the same ratios found within tissues of stony corals.
Beneficial to all corals (stony and soft), as well as solitary and colonial polyps.
Free-form amino acids:
1. Provide the building blocks of coral tissue in ideal ratios to encourage the formation of
new tissue.
2. Encourage new tissue growth to repair damage incurred during fragmentation and
propagation.
3. Encourage growth by budding and fission.
4. Encourage vibrant coloration.
Formulated based on data compiled by oceanographers researching coral tissue profiles.
Does not require refrigeration.

Flocculant for improving water clarity in freshwater aquaria; helps eliminate cloudy water.
Binds particulate material suspended in aquarium water, enabling removal from the system by means of mechanical filtration.
Specifically formulated for use in freshwater aquaria; not to be used in marine aquaria.
Safe for use with all manner of freshwater fishes, plants, and invertebrates.

Unique complex that provides trace and minor elements in ratios found to be beneficial to cichlids and other fishes endemic to Lakes Victoria, Malawi, and Tanganyika. Provides minor and trace elements utilized in importantneurological and metabolic reactions, and which are incorporated into natural biopigments for coloration. Replaces minor and trace elements used by aquarium inhabitants, and which are lost through chemical filtration (use of filtration media such as resins and activated carbon). Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity materials. Does not significantly increase GH or KH.
Formulated utilizing extensive research on the chemistry of Lakes Victoria, Malawi, and Tanganyika, and cichlid trace and minor element requirements.

High-purity powdered calcium.
Increases the concentration of calcium in marine aquarium water to provide corals and other reef-building invertebrates with one of the most important elements required for growth.
Stronger and more economical than liquid calcium solutions; created for hobbyists maintaining multiple reef aquaria.
Formulated by a marine scientist. It is recommended that the calcium concentration in the aquarium be determined by using an accurate test kit prior to supplementing. Do not add this product directly to an aquarium containing live animals without first diluting in water as directed.

Highly-concentrated ionic calcium solution.
Increases the concentration of calcium in marine aquarium water to provide corals and other reef-building invertebrates with one of the most important elements required for growth. Is ionic rather than chelated, and contains no unwanted organic material such as EDTA, gluconate, or polygluconate. Over 50% stronger than most competing products. Free of phosphate, silicate, and organic material. Formulated by a marine scientist.

Helps maintain a balanced nutrient-limited marine aquarium by enabling the hobbyist to enhance the rate of microbial growth and reproduction, increasing the rate of phosphate-reduction and denitrification; this is of particular benefit in heavily-stocked, well-fed reef aquaria.
Replaces "vodka method" of microbial activity-enhancement with a completely safe and biologically-sound, non-flammable alternative to using vodka or ethanol.
Indirectly benefits corals and other suspension-feeding invertebrates by encouraging reproduction of bacterioplankton (an important food source for suspension-feeding invertebrates).
Encourages polyp-expansion in all corals. May be used to help expedite biological filtration in new set-ups.

Provides boron, a component of alkalinity that is also associated with improving color intensity of coral tissue through incorporation into red phytopigments. Encourages biogenous aragonite formation (increased growth rates of coralline algae, as well as skeletal growth in corals and other reef-building invertebrates). Considerably stronger than competing boron supplements. Utilizes ACS-Reagent grade active ingredients. Formulated by a marine scientist.

Complex system of non-pathogenic aerobic and anaerobic microbes, as well as natural enzymes, specifically formulated to establish biological filtration in new aquarium set-ups, and to enhance the rate of nitrification, denitrification, and organic waste degradation in marine and freshwater aquaria through complete nutrient remineralization. Supplied in a state of suspended animation for maximum longevity. Formulated utilizing extensive data compiled by microbiologists.

Highly-effective alkalinity-increasing (”buffer”) powdered blend.

Helps increase pH stability in an aquarium by raising the alkalinity; continued addition raises pH until 8.3 is reached, at which point the pH remains unchanged and the alkalinity alone increases.

Provides a source of carbonates, which make up the majority by weight of aragonite, the mineral secreted by reef-building organisms as skeletal material.

Formulated by a marine scientist.

Determine alkalinity in aquarium with an accurate test kit prior to supplementing. 

Do not add this product directly to an aquarium without first diluting in water as directed.